Research

Explore our library of research products including academic publications, reports on research and outcomes, policy briefs, videos of webinars, animations, and more. Research products are organized by initative and/or by type, with the most recent items at the top of the list. Search by topic with the search bar at the top of the page.
 
  • May 2022
    Formalizing advisory boards to facilitate criminal legal system change
    Facilitating meaningful, long-lasting change at the intersection of the behavioral health and criminal legal systems is a community-wide effort that requires dedicated leaders with a clear, shared vision. Many communities have multiple groups working toward similar goals, often overlapping efforts and expending scarce resources. Creating a formal advisory board provides a framework to engage, develop, and sustain effective change across systems, bridging communication between siloed groups. Bringing leaders together through a formal advisory board is a practical approach to improving the experiences of individuals with behavioral health concerns who encounter the criminal legal system.
    Diversion
    Wayne County jail/mental health initiative
    Policy brief
  • May 2022
    Interdisciplinary Partnership Series: Crisis Response
    This webinar, as part of the Interdisciplinary Partnership Series, focuses on crisis response collaboration efforts within the State of Michigan. Representatives from MCOLES, MDHHS, Center for Behavioral Health and Justice, CIT International and The Cardinal Group II will share information related to crisis response partnerships, associated data and information, and training opportunities for first responders, law enforcement, and behavioral health staff.
    Crisis response
    Video
  • May 2022
    Behavioral health and crisis response trainings for law enforcement officers
    The Michigan Mental Health Diversion Council and the Center for Behavioral Health and Justice recommend increased training for law enforcement, EMS, and corrections officers to enhance mental health knowledge and de-escalation skills. This brief provides descriptions of and contact information for various recommended trainings such as Behavioral Health Emergency Partnership (BHEP) and Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) and offers recommendations for improving training practices.
    Crisis response
    Policy brief
  • April 2022
    County Jails' Responses to COVID-19: Practices, Procedures, and Provisions of Behavioral Health Services
    This exploratory, mixed-methods study describes 20 county jails' responses to the pandemic across Michigan and presents a case study of one rural jail to examine changes in booking trends and behavioral health needs and services. Qualitatively, jails decreased their population at the outset of the pandemic via early releases, reconsideration of bond, and reductions in arrests. Quantitatively, the greatest prevalence of serious mental illness was found during the spring (initial shutdown period), which had the lowest weekly booking rates. Bookings occurring during the spring were significantly related to felony charges and drug/alcohol charges while individuals were less frequently booked because of violations. Past year recidivism significantly decreased from the winter to summer phase. Policy should mandate that jails screen for behavioral health problems and provide access to behavioral health services, while also expanding diversion opportunities during and after a pandemic. Innovations in continuity of care are critical for both behavioral and public health needs given the high risk for suicide, overdose, and viral spread after release from jail.
    Diversion
    Publication
  • March 2022
    Cross-systems data integration in Michigan counties
    Data integration brings together information from multiple sources to enhance collective knowledge among stakeholders, increase data-driven decision-making and foster continued collaboration across community systems. By building a sustainable data system and technical infrastructure, stakeholders can routinely track and report on outcomes of interest including prevalence of persons with behavioral health concerns in the jail, length of jail stay, connections to mental health and substance abuse treatment, and recidivism.
    Diversion
    Policy brief
  • March 2022
    Medications for opioid use disorder in county jails: Support and resources for Sheriff's Offices considering implementation
    Evidence suggests that medications for opioid use disorder and corresponding psychosocial services are the gold standard of treatment for opioid use disorder and are highly effective at reducing overdose risk and recidivism and promoting long-term and sustainable recovery. County jails serve as a pivotal touchpoint where behavioral health partners can intervene with people who have an OUD by providing access to these medications and services. This resource sheet is intended for local sheriff's offices that want to learn more about best practices for the treatment of OUD and are seeking guidance on how to implement these services in their county jail.
    Treatment ecosystems
    Resource
  • March 2022
    Supportive Courts: Integrating and Destigmatizing Opioid Use Disorder Treatment
    Medication assisted treatment has been a polarizing effort that, despite its proven efficacy, has caused concern amongst drug courts and jail systems alike. As criminal justice leaders, it is imperative to use evidence-based practices that have reliable results in a rehabilitative setting, which can be mutually beneficial to the courts as and individuals. This training provides information on how treatment courts can support local opioid use disorder treatment efforts, address stigma surrounding medication assisted treatment, provide evidence of treatment effectiveness for justice-involved populations, and encourage coordination with community and jail-based treatment programs to improve clinical and legal outcomes. Speakers included the Honorable Shannon A. Holmes and Probation Director Wright N. Wade from the 36th District Court in Detroit, Michigan.
    Treatment ecosystems
    Video
  • March 2022
    Data Integration in Michigan Counties Lunch and Learn
    One component of the technical assistance the CBHJ provides focuses on the utilization of cross-systems community data to track progress on an on-going basis - a process referred to as data integration. County data integration systems bring together information from multiple sources, including community behavioral health and criminal legal, to generate regular reports that provide stakeholders with updates on key measures that define progress such as prevalence of mental illness in jails.
    Diversion
    Video
  • February 2022
    Evaluation of Administrative Jail Release Practices During the COVID-19 Pandemic
    As COVID-19 ripped through the country in March 2020, the Wayne County Sheriff's Office and the Detroit Police Department were some of the first local organizations to experience devastating contagion and loss from the virus. Recognizing that Wayne County Jails had the potential to become a COVID-19 superspreading site, Chief Judge Timothy Kenny of the Third Circuit Court took extraordinary measures to protect the health and safety of Wayne County Jail inmates and staff.
    Wayne County jail/mental health initiative
    Report
  • February 2022
    Medications for Opioid Use Disorder in the Criminal/Legal System: Knowledge, Beliefs, and Attitudes Among Rural Community-Based Stakeholders
    The aim of this study was to describe rural community stakeholders’ attitudes and perceptions of providing medication for opioid use disorder (MOUD) to individuals in the criminal/legal system. Data were utilized from a technical assistance initiative aimed at strengthening community-based OUD treatment within criminal/legal systems. MOUD training was associated with endorsing the effectiveness of methadone, oral naltrexone, and injectable naltrexone. Three primary themes emerged from the stakeholder interviews: 1) acceptance of MOUD uptake; 2) stigma of MOUD and diversion concerns; and 3) gaps in MOUD treatment. Most interviewees noted that there is a scarcity of treatment options in their community, and among the existing services, there are considerable barriers to care.
    Treatment ecosystems
    Publication