Research

Explore our library of research products including academic publications, reports on research and outcomes, policy briefs, videos of webinars, animations, and more. Research products are organized by initiative and/or by type, with the most recent items at the top of the list. Search by topic with the search bar at the top of the page.
 
  • March 2023
    Harm reduction for behavioral health practitioners
    Harm reduction practices are becoming more popular in the United States, with many federal and state budgets allotting funding for the expansion of programs that apply these principles. While applying harm reduction principles is not a new practice, it has not been widely accepted or used in the United States in community-based settings until relatively recently. This webinar aims to educate participants about what harm reduction is, how to apply the concepts in agencies' service delivery, and the benefits for the individual, agency, and wider community when utilized. This webinar is for anyone who may benefit from this basic primer on harm reduction in community-based settings. Presenters include Mindy Vincent (Executive Director, Utah Harm Reduction Coalition), Joshua McLenithan (Lead Peer Recovery Coach, The Grand Rapids Red Project) and Emily Pasman (PhD Candidate, Wayne State University School of Social Work)
    Harm reduction
    Video
  • March 2023
    The impact of Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training on police use of force
    This study examined the level of force used by Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) and non-CIT officers responding to individuals experiencing a mental health crisis (N = 382). Level of force was coded using National Institute of Justice (2009) strategy, least to most lethal. Analyses examined differences in officers’ use of force by CIT-training status and citizen characteristics. Results indicated CIT-trained officers were less likely to use any level of force and more likely to use the lowest level of force, compared to non-CIT-trained officers. CIT-trained officers were significantly less likely to escalate to higher levels of force, utilizing the lowest level of force more often.
    Diversion
    Publication
  • February 2023
    Substance Use and Violence Victimization Among Women: A Review of Relevant Literature
    A review of the recent scientific literature on the relationship between substance use and violence victimization among women in the United States is presented. Systematic review methodology adhered to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses guidelines. In total, 15 studies were identified that met inclusion criteria. There is substantial evidence suggesting substance use (e.g., severity of use, types of substances used) is associated with women's violent victimization histories. Evidence suggests that women are uniquely situated in illicit drug markets and other illicit economies in a manner that increases their risk for violent victimization. The strengths and shortcomings of current theoretical explanations of substance use and violence victimization are discussed, as well as considerations for future research and interventions.
    Treatment ecosystems
    Publication
  • February 2023
    Harm reduction for people who use drugs
    Harm reduction is a philosophy and set of policies and practices centered on any positive change for a person using drugs, as expressed and defined by them. It meets people where they are and empowers them to address the reasons for their use as well as the use itself. Harm reduction is a mindset, human rights issue, and framework for action to reduce the harmful effects of drug use and any risky behavior, and does not promote these activities in and of themselves. This brief answers the question 'Why harm reduction?' and reviews evidence-based practices to reduce harm for people who use drugs.
    Harm reduction
    Policy brief
  • January 2023
    From crisis to care: Michigan's evolving behavioral health ecosystem
    When someone experiences a mental health emergency, our response can provide a pathway to treatment or exacerbate their challenges. Michigan has made progress in helping people in crisis access integrated, high-quality care—and we have much further to go. During this webinar, key leaders on the forefront of this work talked about how state and local agencies, providers, and communities are partnering on whole system responses, ensuring those in need have someone to call, someone to respond, and a place to go.
    Crisis response
    Video
  • January 2023
    CareConnect 360: Enhancing safety for jails and justice-involved patients
    CareConnect360 (CC360) is a web application that contains Medicaid data for physical and behavioral health services created with the goal of improving coordination of care for Medicaid beneficiaries by providing a platform for cross-system information to be accessed. This brief describes how to use CC360 within a jail, what types of data are available, and future system improvements.
    Other
    Policy brief
  • November 2022
    Assessing County Level Behavioral Health and Justice Systems with the Sequential Intercept Model Practices, Leadership, and Expertise Scorecard
    The Sequential Intercept Model has helped conceptualize interventions for people with serious mental illness in the criminal/legal system. This paper operationalizes the Sequential Intercept Model into a 35-item scorecard of behavioral health and legal practices. Using interviews, survey, and observational methods, the scorecard assesses an exploratory sample of 19 counties over 27 independent data collections. A series of ordinary least squares regression models assessed the predictor scores on four jail outcomes: prevalence of serious mental illness, length of stay, connections to treatment, and recidivism. Increases in pre-booking scores showed significant decreases in jail prevalence of serious mental illness at the p < 0.05 level, and post-booking scores and overall scores showed significant positive associations with connections to treatment at the p < 0.05 level, though these were non-significant after correcting for multiple comparisons. Preliminary findings suggest a combination of practices across the Sequential Intercept Model could have synergistic impacts on key jail diversion outcomes.
    Diversion
    Publication
  • October 2022
    Michigan Reentry (MI-REP) final aggregate report
    This report covers five years of the Michigan Re-entry Project (MIREP) in Kent, Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, and Wayne counties (May 1, 2017 – April 30, 2022). MIREP had three program branches: MIREP Traditional, MIREP-Virtual, and Peer Assisted Linkage (PAL). This report examines each of the four goals of MIREP and how they were addressed in programming.
    Reentry
    Report
  • September 2022
    Prevalence and correlates of incarceration following emergency medical services response to overdose
    Administrative records on 192,113 EMS incidents and 70,409 jail booking events occurring between January 1, 2019 and December 31, 2020 in Indianapolis, Indiana were record-linked at the event level. Incarceration in county jail followed one in ten overdose-involved EMS responses. As illicit drug consumption increasingly involves stimulants, the frequency of incarceration following these events is likely to increase. Policy changes and interventions are needed to reduce incarceration after overdose emergencies.
    Harm reduction
    Publication
  • September 2022
    Client attitudes toward virtual treatment court
    As a response to the COVID-19 pandemic, many treatment courts shifted to offering teleservices. Even though virtual experiences were more comfortable than in-person experiences for clients, the results are nuanced and show preference for some in-person connections as they transitioned to virtual connections. Future research should examine how to improve client connections with staff/group members during virtual court or treatment sessions, particularly as courts and treatment providers are likely to continue some services virtually into the future.
    Harm reduction
    Publication